Первая цифра указывает на текущий рейтинг, вторая – прошлогодний. Рейтинг составлен на основе анализа частоты употребления данных слов в сети Интернет.
1. Green (1) — Practices that are in harmony with the environment.
2. Renewable energy (2) — Energy derived from solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and similar ‘sustainable’ sources.
3. Sustainable (3) — The ability to create self-replicating systems that can persist over time. Sustainable was GLM’s word of the year in 2006.
4. Climate change (4) — Favored by those who think the warming of the planet is primarily due to long-term atmospheric cycles.
5. Eco- (as a prefix) (5) — Shorthand for ‘ecological’; from the Greek ‘oikos’ for house (or table).
6. Emissions (6) — In this sense, gases and particles sent out into the atmosphere through industrial production, automobiles, etc.; from the Late Latin emittere, to send out of.
7. Ecology (7) — the relations of beings to each other and their environment; from the Greek ‘oikos’ for house (or table).
8. Recycle (8) — The re-using of materials once viewed as waste.
9. Vegan (9) — Those who abstain from eating animal or dairy products, often avoiding any products made from animals (such as leather or gelatin).
10. Locavore (new) — Thinking globally while eating locally.
11. Global warming (10) — Favored by those who think the warming of the planet is primarily due to human influence.
12. Solar power (11) – Energy derived by harnessing the sun’s electromagnetic radiation.
13. Biomass (12) — Material derived from plants that can be used as a renewable energy source.
14. Xeriscape (new) — Literally ‘dry landscaping’; using natural elements in a desert landscape for yard enhancement. Begging the question: must every yard resemble an English Manor?
15. Biodegradable (13) — Organic material that decays naturally in a relatively short time.
16. Greenhouse gas (GHG) (14) — Any gas emitted into the atmosphere that trap heat (e.g., CO2); without them the Earth would be uninhabitable for humans; with an excess the Earth would be uninhabitable for humans.
17. Wind power (15) — Energy derived by harnessing the wind. The top countries for generating electricity from wind power are the US, China, Germany and Spain.
18. Organic food (16) — Food grown or produced without synthetic fertilizers, insecticides, hormones, irradiation and genetic modification.
19. Carbon footprint (17) — The total amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions generate by a human activity. Driving a late-model, fuel-efficient car emits about 6 pounds of CO2 every ten miles. Term first used in 1980.
20. Post-consumer (waste) (18) — Material that can be used as a resource to build new products.
21. Natural (food) (19) – Food grown without artificial ingredients (such as color) and produced in a manner similar to that used in a well-stocked home kitchen.
22. Hybrid (car) (20) – Cars that use a mixture of technologies to reduce their reliance on fossil fuels.
23. Greenhouse Effect (21) – The heating of the Earth’s surface in a fashion similar to a greenhouse, with GHG acting as glass windows that trap heat.
24. Biofuels (new) — Finally, we are reaching a break-even point with sugar based biofuels in Brazil.
25. Greenwash (22) — Highlighting aspects of a product that may or appear to be favorable to the environment in order to re-shape its brand image.
26. Carbon trading (23) — Trading, in effect, the rights to pollute between different manufacturers in the global marketplace.
27. Free-range (24) — The animal has been raised with access to the outside; not the same as ‘free roaming’.
28. Save a Tree! (25) – One of the first rallying cries of the Environmental Movement. Unfortunately, replacing a renewable resource with one made of petroleum created ecological problems of its own.